A place to read and think!

Landscape: History, Theory and Representation




Tiger & Turtle – Magic Mountain

Tiger & Turtle – Magic Mountain – The walkable outdoor large-scale sculpture on the Heinrich-Hildebrand-Höhe in Duisburg has been open to the public since November 13th, 2011.

Lately, the sleek curved shape of a rollercoaster highlights widely visible the highest peak of the park-­‐like designed Heinrich Hildebrand Höhe in the South of Duisburg. The dynamic sweeps and curves of the construction inscribe themselves like a signature into the scenery and soar till the height of 21 meters. From a distance the metallic glossy track creates the impression of speed and exceeding acceleration. Viewed from close up, the supposed lane turns out to be a stairway which, elaborately winding, follows the course of the rollercoaster. The visitor can climb the art work by foot. Although the course describes a closed loop, it is impossible to accomplish it as the looping merges to be a physical barrier. On top, at the highest point of the sculpture– 45 meters above ground – the visitor is rewarded with an extraordinary view over the landscape of the Western Ruhr. “Tiger and Turtle” refers with its immanent dialectic of speed and deadlock to the situation of change in the region and its turn towards re-naturation and restructuring. While the sculpture conveys an absurd twist regarding the inherent expectation of the image created by a rollercoaster, it reflects its own role as potential trans-­‐regional landmark which will be inevitably pocketed as image. It counters the logic of permanent growth with an absurd-­‐contradictory sculpture that refuses a definite interpretation. With 44 x 37meters base and 21 meters construction height the sculpture is not only one of the largest in Germany, but also a masterpiece of engineering. Especially the draft of the stairs (developed in collaboration with Arnold Walz) consequentially and elegantly winds along the three-­‐ dimensional shape that is in every spot different and therefore harbours a so far never accomplished challenge. Heike Mutter and Ulrich Genth create together artistic projects in public space and exhibition venues since eight years. Their works are site-­‐ specifically and contextually developed and reflect in a manifold way the conditions of publicness. Since 2007 the artist duo lives and works in Hamburg where Heike Mutter holds professorship at the Hochschule für bildende Künste.


Transbay Transit Center Groundbreaking video, December 10th, 2008

Designed by Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects (PCPA), the new Transit Center will feature a 5.4 acre park on the roof of the bus and rail station. A complementary Transit Tower designed by PCPA and developed by Hines will be built adjacent to the Transit Center and will provide additional financing for the project.

This video, narrated by Peter Coyote, explores the public art program planned for the new transit center. The New Transbay Transit Center will include a public art program that seamlessly weaves artwork directly into the architecture of the new facility. Artwork includes pieces by artists Jenny Holzer, James Carpenter, Ned Kahn, and Julie Chang.

The Transbay Transit Center Project is a visionary transportation and housing project that transforms downtown San Francisco and the San Francisco Bay Area’s regional transportation system by creating a “Grand Central Station of the West” in the heart of a new transit-friendly neighborhood. The $4 billion project will replace the current Transbay Terminal at First and Mission streets in San Francisco with a modern regional transit hub connecting eight Bay Area counties and the State of California through 11 transit systems: AC Transit, BART, Caltrain, Golden Gate Transit, Greyhound, Muni, SamTrans, WestCAT Lynx, Amtrak, Paratransit and future High Speed Rail from San Francisco to Los Angeles/Anaheim.

The project consists of three interconnected elements:

  • Replacing the former Transbay Terminal at First and Mission streets
  • Extending Caltrain and California High Speed Rail underground from Caltrain’s current terminus at 4th and King streets into the new downtown Transit Center
  • Creating a new neighborhood with homes, offices, parks and shops surrounding the new Transit Center



William H. Whyte: The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces – The Street Corner

I watched this film at uni and I found it fascinating, how many patterns of behaviour can be seen,  how stereotypes can be created by observing people and how people go about their daily lives. I found the interactions between landscape very interesting and it made me consider my own work – and who it is for – who will be using the landscapes I create and in what way – what are their needs and wants? The film shows how when people want to use something in a particular way they usually will – they can be very resourceful! This leads me to think how will people want to use the new spaces created? Or how might the spaces be used – will it be the design intention – or will it be a case of a set of steps only used for sitting or skateboarders. Does this ultimately matter – is it arrogant to say this is the design intention and usage – and therefore it is the only way it should be used? Are we then limiting our designs and the public who use our designs?

Metropolis by Rob Carter

A very interesting video! I like how it shows urban growth and how sporadic and almost unplanned growth can be in a here there and everywhere approach to building.

Metropolis is a quirky and very abridged narrative history of the city of Charlotte, North Carolina. It uses stop motion video animation to physically manipulate aerial still images of the city (both real and fictional), creating a landscape in constant motion. Starting around 1755 on a Native American trading path, the viewer is presented with the building of the first house in Charlotte. From there we see the town develop through the historic dismissal of the English, to the prosperity made by the discovery of gold and the subsequent roots of the building of the multitude of churches that the city is famous for. Now the landscape turns white with cotton, and the modern city is ‘born’, with a more detailed re-creation of the economic boom and surprising architectural transformation that has occurred in the past 20 years.

Charlotte is one of the fastest growing cities in the country, primarily due to the continuing influx of the banking community, resulting in an unusually fast architectural and population expansion that shows little sign of faltering despite the current economic climate. However, this new downtown Metropolis is therefore subject to the whim of the market and the interest of the giant corporations that choose to do business there. Made entirely from images printed on paper, the animation literally represents this sped up urban planners dream, but suggests the frailty of that dream, however concrete it may feel on the ground today. Ultimately the video continues the city development into an imagined hubristic future, of more and more skyscrapers and sports arenas and into a bleak environmental future. It is an extreme representation of the already serious water shortages that face many expanding American cities today; but this is less a warning, as much as a statement of our paper thin significance no matter how many monuments of steel, glass and concrete we build.

full video http://www.robcarter.net/Vid_Metropolis.html

What’s On The Horizon? Zander-Olsen_Tree-Line_001 – Mighty Optical Illusions

I think this land art is very clever – it almost creates a flat plain out of a landscape – yet you can see the depth. It is a real illusion and mus have taken time to create it.

“Our eyes seem to have a traced pattern depending on what we look at, particularly when it comes to landscape images. That’s why these Tree, Line images by Zander Olsen are so fascinating. They remind us that we tend to take things sitting under the horizon line for granted when looking at landscapes. The Welsh artist creates his works by wrapping trees with a white material that, when viewed from the exact right angle, hide the trunk between the natural horizon line and the skyline, or in some case, between the tree’s roots and the natural horizon. In the process he ends up whiting out the trees that make up the foreground of certain parts of the image. The result might not technically be an illusion by the traditional sense, but it certainly makes the viewer do a double take and consider just how the mind tends to process these views, which is something any good illusion should be doing anyway.” ( on March 9, 2012)

whats-on-the-horizon.html/zander-olsen_tree-line_001″>What’s On The Horizon? Zander-Olsen_Tree-Line_001 – Mighty Optical Illusions. 


Snow mounds

I saw this video and was inspired! I love how a landscape can still be designed and have design even in the winter months!

Richard Shilling

Another land artist – he works ephemerally and started off by studying the work of Andy Goldsworthy but has now found a unique style I think and his works are beautiful!


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Public Art « MadSilence



Public Art « MadSilence.


The epemeral ice art of Brazilian artist Nele Azevedo.

Development sculptures

These are some earlier development sculptures I created away from the site to look at different materials and how to work with them.

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natural architecture – an emerging art movement that is exploring mankind’s desire to reconnect to the earth, through the built environment.

Some amazing pieces – very inspiring!

This is magical!

natural architecture – an emerging art movement that is exploring mankind’s desire to reconnect to the earth, through the built environment..

Peter Randall-Page: Womb Tomb – Image 2 | BRITISH SCULPTURE IN THE 21ST CENTURY

A sculpture Website – interesting work!

Peter Randall-Page: Womb Tomb – Image 2 | BRITISH SCULPTURE IN THE 21ST CENTURY.

Land art

A good website


switzerland – Grindlewalt – land art

On Holiday in Switzerland, Grindelwald – 2008 we came across a land art festival down by the river – it is an international festival of land artists from around the world. There is a Land Art festival in Grindlewald every year!


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My own land art! @ Writtle Green

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I spent the day creating land art pieces at Writtle pond. It was great conditions today, sunshine and frost – meaning icy pond! The ducks were skating across the top making an eerie noise. There were so many people feeding the ducks and throughout the day their movement broke up a lot of the ice. Two ducks were circling the middle island – breaking up the ice as they went – or perhaps having a race!
I used my pen knife to cut out a circle of ice watched by the ducks and the many passers-by – who all looked oddly at the woman in wellies cutting into an ice pond with a pen knife. I used the first ice circle for a sculpture in the trees – the willows around the pond have beautiful branches which are perfect for shaping and bending. I created a holdal for the ice circle.
The next pieces of ice were cut and positioned carefully on the frozen lake – I got in the pond and held the ice in position until it stuck to the ice sheet layer on top of the pond. Whilst creating this sculpture two teenagers were busy ripping off the branch and throwing the ice of my previous sculpture. I had finished photographing it so it was fine. I finished photographing the circles and they fell over on the ice – I used them in the V of the willow tree, the rest I tied into the branches of the willow. The sun shining through the ice made it sparkle. I like the willow sculptures they remind me of dream catchers. The next sculpture is berries (crab apples – or similar) picked and placed in a hole where a circle of ice used to be. Behind it is the circle of ice.
The inspiration for all the ice sculptures is global warming – how the ice caps are melting and the sea level is rising – the ice in the sculpture will melt and cause a puddle. Martin Hill (land artist) bases his work around cyclical flows – how everything in nature is a cycle and so should we be! Our buisness’ and existence.

Writtle Green, the site of the land art

We have to create a piece of land art that works with the topography of the land on Writtle Green.

Site photos:

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Martin Hill

I have chosen a land artist for landscape history assignment – Martin Hill, he works ephemerally which is a style I have been following and have admired for a long time. I love the fact that the sculpture or land art comes from natural surroundings – is born from the ground and returns to the ground. It can be experienced through photography but is finite in its lifespan.

Martin has created a range of sculptures and works of art using found objects such as leaves and twigs and has used ice and pebbles in very creative ways.

I have been following his work for a few years, however cannot find much information on how he starts projects. I am going to write to him and see if I can find out more.

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Andy Goldsworthy

I have been interested in Andy Goldsworthy since I was at high school. One of my favourite pieces of his is ‘The Wall’, I like the serpentine shape and I love how it wraps around the trees snaking around like a river.

Ephemeral Art


” Their materials they use are natural and as such are subject to decay, and the artworks are to a
large degree indivisible from the landscape upon which they are made. Earth art
therefore eschews the gallery space, and generally relies on remote, unspoiled
tracts of land that are challenging, if not impossible, for the arts patron to

All installation art share the idea that an artwork is not an object
in the gallery but something that extends the given space; in the beginning
transforming interior spaces and with land art, transforming open spaces.
Ephemeral artworks are designed for spectator involvement.
Andy Goldsworthy  combines the land art with ephemeral, making the open space a park gallery where
the spectators become temporary and the objects of natural and found materials
draw out the character of the environment, be it for good or until its natural

Land Artist Research – Martin Hill

I am particualary interested in ephemeral art and environmental art – where the artist takes from the land and the structure returns to the land. I like the idea that the piece has a story and especially if it gives a message. Ephemeral artists use photography to document works and this in itself becomes a piece of art.

For two years I have followed the work of Martin Hill, I bought his book and was really interested in the way he and his wife create sculptures in the landscape.


Autumn Leaf Circle

Driftwood Sphere

Kanuka Sphere

Mountain Stone Circle

Stone Circle

Yellow Leaf Circle

Land Artists Research Alan Sonfist

Alan Sonfist promotes sustainable energy within his projects and is trying to raise awareness on climate change. I think designing with these intentions must be challenging and very interesting.

The silhouette of the endangered leaves are cut into the metal and show an image of permanence that is not reflected in the natural world around us.


Land artists research Bill Vazan

Bill Vazan

Internationally renowned for his Land Art creations, Vazan has spent more than forty years investigating the human-cosmos relationship through his Land Art, sculpture, painting and photography. Working at major sites of cultural and historical significance around the world, and drawing inspiration from diverse sources, including current scientific thought, Vazan has evolved a personal cosmology. Impressive in scope, mathematically precise in execution, and visually arresting, Vazan’s works are the product of a curious mind probing the universe.


I like how Bill has used photographs to create an art piece and I especially like the composition of the visual sphere – double spiral.


Gilles Arbour Bilingual Blog – Français/English | A personal blog about Nature, Art, Science, Music, Life etc..

I found this blog whilst serching for landart, I really like the projects created, especially the shaddow of the tree by the artist Roxane et Marie-Jo.

Her work and the work above was shown at the Land art Mont – St – Hilaire 2009


Land Art



Land Art for Kids: In the Woods – http://landartforkids.com/section345249.html